Author Topic: Is one of these good?  (Read 238 times)

Offline Golddustpeak

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Is one of these good?
« on: May 14, 2019, 04:21:07 PM »
OK so as I continue to think about my FGH60N60SMD full bridge system I'm thinking about these two coils.
One has a 1/8 inch tube primary and the other has a 1/4 inch tube primary.

Would either of these be a good choice for my DRSSTC system?

Comments please,
TNX

Coil #1    1/8 inch primary

J A V A T C version 13.4 - CONSOLIDATED OUTPUT
5/14/2019, 8:07:22 AM

Units = Inches
Ambient Temp = 68ºF

----------------------------------------------------
Secondary Coil Inputs:
----------------------------------------------------
Current Profile = G.PROFILE_LOADED
1.5 = Radius 1
1.5 = Radius 2
1 = Height 1
16 = Height 2
1450 = Turns
30 = Wire Awg

----------------------------------------------------
Primary Coil Inputs:
----------------------------------------------------
Round Primary Conductor
2.5 = Radius 1
5.342 = Radius 2
0 = Height 1
0 = Height 2
6.429 = Turns
0.185 = Wire Diameter
0 = Ribbon Width
0 = Ribbon Thickness
0.0499 = Primary Cap (uF)
0 = Total Lead Length
0 = Lead Diameter

----------------------------------------------------
Secondary Coil Outputs:
----------------------------------------------------
226.51 [kHz] = Secondary Resonant Frequency
90 [deg °] = Angle of Secondary
15 [inch] = Length of Winding
96.7 [inch] = Turns Per Unit
0.00032 [inch] = Space Between Turns (edge to edge)
1138.8 [ft] = Length of Wire
5 [:1] = H/D Aspect Ratio
116.5578 [Ohms] = DC Resistance
42978 [Ohms] = Reactance at Resonance
0.35 [ lbs] = Weight of Wire
30.198 [mH] = Les-Effective Series Inductance
30.457 [mH] = Lee-Equivalent Energy Inductance
29.333 [mH] = Ldc-Low Frequency Inductance
16.349 [pF] = Ces-Effective Shunt Capacitance
16.21 [pF] = Cee-Equivalent Energy Capacitance
22.644 [pF] = Cdc-Low Frequency Capacitance
5.9 [mils] = Skin Depth
14.262 [pF] = Topload Effective Capacitance
192.4825 [Ohms] = Effective AC Resistance
223 [Q] = Quality Factor

----------------------------------------------------
Primary Coil Outputs:
----------------------------------------------------
226.5 [kHz] = Primary Resonant Frequency
0 [%] = Percent Detuned
0 [deg °] = Angle of Primary
13.2 [ft] = Length of Wire
4 [mOhms] = DC Resistance
0.257 [inch] = Average spacing between turns (edge to edge)
1.317 [ inch] = Proximity between coils
0 [inch] = Recommended minimum proximity between coils
9.938 [µH] = Ldc-Low Frequency Inductance
0.05004 [µF] = Cap size needed with Primary L (reference)
0 [µH] = Lead Length Inductance
48.89 [µH] = Lm-Mutual Inductance
0.091 [k] = Coupling Coefficient
0.126 [k] = Recommended Coupling Coefficient
10.99 [half cycles] = Number of half cycles for energy transfer at K
24.13 [µs] = Time for total energy transfer

----------------------------------------------------
Top Load Inputs:
----------------------------------------------------
Toroid #1: minor=3.5, major=14.5, height=16, topload


Coil #2   ¼ inch primary

J A V A T C version 13.4 - CONSOLIDATED OUTPUT
5/14/2019, 8:05:32 AM

Units = Inches
Ambient Temp = 68ºF

----------------------------------------------------
Secondary Coil Inputs:
----------------------------------------------------
Current Profile = G.PROFILE_LOADED
1.5 = Radius 1
1.5 = Radius 2
1 = Height 1
16 = Height 2
1450 = Turns
30 = Wire Awg

----------------------------------------------------
Primary Coil Inputs:
----------------------------------------------------
Round Primary Conductor
2.5 = Radius 1
7.26 = Radius 2
0 = Height 1
0 = Height 2
6.295 = Turns
0.375 = Wire Diameter
0 = Ribbon Width
0 = Ribbon Thickness
0.0499 = Primary Cap (uF)
0 = Total Lead Length
0 = Lead Diameter

----------------------------------------------------
Secondary Coil Outputs:
----------------------------------------------------
224.01 [kHz] = Secondary Resonant Frequency
90 [deg °] = Angle of Secondary
15 [inch] = Length of Winding
96.7 [inch] = Turns Per Unit
0.00032 [inch] = Space Between Turns (edge to edge)
1138.8 [ft] = Length of Wire
5 [:1] = H/D Aspect Ratio
116.5578 [Ohms] = DC Resistance
42105 [Ohms] = Reactance at Resonance
0.35 [ lbs] = Weight of Wire
29.915 [mH] = Les-Effective Series Inductance
30.385 [mH] = Lee-Equivalent Energy Inductance
29.333 [mH] = Ldc-Low Frequency Inductance
16.874 [pF] = Ces-Effective Shunt Capacitance
16.613 [pF] = Cee-Equivalent Energy Capacitance
23.416 [pF] = Cdc-Low Frequency Capacitance
5.93 [mils] = Skin Depth
14.662 [pF] = Topload Effective Capacitance
191.4953 [Ohms] = Effective AC Resistance
220 [Q] = Quality Factor

----------------------------------------------------
Primary Coil Outputs:
----------------------------------------------------
224.01 [kHz] = Primary Resonant Frequency
0 [%] = Percent Detuned
0 [deg °] = Angle of Primary
16.08 [ft] = Length of Wire
1.19 [mOhms] = DC Resistance
0.381 [inch] = Average spacing between turns (edge to edge)
1.222 [ inch] = Proximity between coils
0 [inch] = Recommended minimum proximity between coils
10.17 [µH] = Ldc-Low Frequency Inductance
0.04991 [µF] = Cap size needed with Primary L (reference)
0 [µH] = Lead Length Inductance
49.861 [µH] = Lm-Mutual Inductance
0.091 [k] = Coupling Coefficient
0.126 [k] = Recommended Coupling Coefficient
10.99 [half cycles] = Number of half cycles for energy transfer at K
24.4 [µs] = Time for total energy transfer

----------------------------------------------------
Top Load Inputs:
----------------------------------------------------
Toroid #1: minor=3.5, major=14.5, height=16, topload

Offline Mads Barnkob

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Re: Is one of these good?
« Reply #1 on: May 15, 2019, 10:04:59 AM »
They would both be good :)

I would take the one with highest inductance as you are planning to use TO-247 devices, so you can run lower peak currents but with a higher on-time, suits your IGBTs best IMO.

You primary capacitor is only set to 0.05 uF, that is pretty low and would call for even longer on-times. With 0.075 uF on my DRSSTC2 I still find that it might be a tad too low.

I am looking forward to see your results, try to make a single thread with all your progress in for the project instead of making multiply threads for each question you have, just makes it easier for everyone to help you and for others to find the combined information in the future.
http://www.kaizerpowerelectronics.dk - Tesla coils, high voltage, pulse power, audio and general electronics

Offline Golddustpeak

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Re: Is one of these good?
« Reply #2 on: May 15, 2019, 05:07:20 PM »
I’ve calculated  and re calculated my system (keeping the fo around 225KHz) and cannot make a flat primary with more than 3 or 4 turns work with larger caps than my original 0.05 uF.

It seems to me that by going to a vertical primary I can make 0.15 uF work.

How does this look now?

New Coil:
J A V A T C version 13.4 - CONSOLIDATED OUTPUT
5/15/2019, 8:46:08 AM

Units = Inches
Ambient Temp = 68ºF

----------------------------------------------------
Secondary Coil Inputs:
----------------------------------------------------
Current Profile = G.PROFILE_LOADED
1.5 = Radius 1
1.5 = Radius 2
1 = Height 1
16 = Height 2
1450 = Turns
30 = Wire Awg

----------------------------------------------------
Primary Coil Inputs:
----------------------------------------------------
Round Primary Conductor
2.5 = Radius 1
2.5 = Radius 2
1 = Height 1
5.934 = Height 2
6.3257 = Turns
0.375 = Wire Diameter
0 = Ribbon Width
0 = Ribbon Thickness
0.15 = Primary Cap (uF)
0 = Total Lead Length
0 = Lead Diameter

----------------------------------------------------
Secondary Coil Outputs:
----------------------------------------------------
222.43 [kHz] = Secondary Resonant Frequency
90 [deg °] = Angle of Secondary
15 [inch] = Length of Winding
96.7 [inch] = Turns Per Unit
0.00032 [inch] = Space Between Turns (edge to edge)
1138.8 [ft] = Length of Wire
5 [:1] = H/D Aspect Ratio
116.5578 [Ohms] = DC Resistance
37705 [Ohms] = Reactance at Resonance
0.35 [ lbs] = Weight of Wire
26.979 [mH] = Les-Effective Series Inductance
30.035 [mH] = Lee-Equivalent Energy Inductance
29.333 [mH] = Ldc-Low Frequency Inductance
18.977 [pF] = Ces-Effective Shunt Capacitance
17.046 [pF] = Cee-Equivalent Energy Capacitance
33.051 [pF] = Cdc-Low Frequency Capacitance
5.95 [mils] = Skin Depth
14.724 [pF] = Topload Effective Capacitance
190.8735 [Ohms] = Effective AC Resistance
198 [Q] = Quality Factor

----------------------------------------------------
Primary Coil Outputs:
----------------------------------------------------
222.43 [kHz] = Primary Resonant Frequency
0 [%] = Percent Detuned
90 [deg °] = Angle of Primary
8.28 [ft] = Length of Wire
0.61 [mOhms] = DC Resistance
0.405 [inch] = Average spacing between turns (edge to edge)
0.807 [ inch] = Proximity between coils
0 [inch] = Recommended minimum proximity between coils
3.441 [µH] = Ldc-Low Frequency Inductance
0.15002 [µF] = Cap size needed with Primary L (reference)
0 [µH] = Lead Length Inductance
111.459 [µH] = Lm-Mutual Inductance
0.351 [k] = Coupling Coefficient
0.126 [k] = Recommended Coupling Coefficient
2.85 [half cycles] = Number of half cycles for energy transfer at K
5.9 [µs] = Time for total energy transfer

----------------------------------------------------
Top Load Inputs:
----------------------------------------------------
Toroid #1: minor=3.5, major=14.5, height=16, topload

Offline Uspring

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Re: Is one of these good?
« Reply #3 on: May 16, 2019, 12:17:01 PM »
Mads wrote:
Quote
You primary capacitor is only set to 0.05 uF, that is pretty low and would call for even longer on-times. With 0.075 uF on my DRSSTC2 I still find that it might be a tad too low.
@Golddustpeak:
I believe your questions can't be answered until you tell us more about the voltage your bridge runs with. The best primary impedance depends much on the bridges voltage and current capability. Mads DRSSTC2 has only a half bridge and is supplied with 120Vac. You have a full bridge and might want to run it with 230Vac, so that implies 4 times the voltage. So a higher primary inductance and lower capacitance primary than Mads had, might be in order for you.

Offline Golddustpeak

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Re: Is one of these good?
« Reply #4 on: May 16, 2019, 01:50:44 PM »
Woops ........... Sorry

I'm thinking that I will be supplying the full bridge with a maximum of 230Vac.

Offline Uspring

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Re: Is one of these good?
« Reply #5 on: May 17, 2019, 12:41:17 PM »
Have a look at this thread: https://highvoltageforum.net/index.php?topic=113.msg657#msg657
A guideline for primary impedance is this:

Vmax/Imax ~ 0.5 * k  / (2*pi*f*C)

For your coil, Vmax would be 230V * 1.4 = 320V and maybe Imax=300A. I'd choose as high coupling as possible, maybe around 0.2. That imples a primary impedance (i.e. 1/(2*pi*f*C) ) of about 11 Ohms. That would result in a 67nF primary cap. (Oops, sorry Mads, you weren't really off with your suggestion.) These are all ballpark values. The coupling coefficients in your first 2 calculations of about 0.09 seem too low. You should work on the geometry there. Low coupling coils can be made to work, but they are very sensitive to tuning issues.

Offline Golddustpeak

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Re: Is one of these good?
« Reply #6 on: May 18, 2019, 04:19:11 PM »
THANKS...........
Great stuff which will get me off in the correct direction.

I've been called away from home for an emergency and will be away for a few weeks.


As soon as I return I'll start re calculating and be back with more questions.

High Voltage Forum

Re: Is one of these good?
« Reply #6 on: May 18, 2019, 04:19:11 PM »

 


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