Author Topic: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research  (Read 1613 times)

Offline FonziDaytona

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Hi all,

I need some help with my Class E Tesla coil/plasma speaker from Eastern Voltage Research. I currently have it playing audio over the discharge, but it murders very expensive MOSFETs. Technical support hasn’t been very helpful. They said that out of 10,000 customers, I’m the only one having trouble.

If I start the audio before starting up the coil, I kill both MOSFETs instantly. If I raise the primary 1/4” to increase coupling (recommended by EVR instructions) I kill both MOSFETs instantly.

Is this pretty much expected for these type things or is there something really wonky that I could check? I feel like if I look at it wrong, I’ll blow another $20. I’ve wasted $100 on MOSFETs now. I have video of it working as proof…

Edit: Here’s a video of it working just to prove that I did well enough for that. Problem is that it just eats up MOSFETs. My only idea left is that Dan’s recommended alternative to their original MOSFETs (they don’t have anymore for sale) just isn’t a good enough alternative. I tried irfp460 MOSFETs and blew them all within seconds which leads me to believe that is the case here. Failure is always at startup.

https://youtube.com/shorts/9PG3QSf6wqE?feature=share

-Matt
« Last Edit: July 02, 2022, 05:59:42 PM by FonziDaytona »

Offline FonziDaytona

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #1 on: July 02, 2022, 08:07:18 PM »
Here are some scope shots of operation. First is the gate to source signal pre Tesla coil operation. The second is the gate to source signal while operating. Last is the drain to source while operating.
No audio on these runs, back to trying to tune.

The first and last look somewhat okay to me, but the second looks pretty awful. Down to just one more set of MOSFETs.





-Matt

Offline Mads Barnkob

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #2 on: July 02, 2022, 09:12:09 PM »
If EVR is serious about your unit being a 1:10000 customer fault, they should issue you a new unit as this would then be malfunctioning, in their own words?

What is this 4 MHz signal written on screen? Surely not the drive frequency of the unit?
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Offline davekni

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #3 on: July 02, 2022, 10:14:45 PM »
Thank you for posting scope pictures.  That makes it possible to offer some assistance.

Quote
What is this 4 MHz signal written on screen? Surely not the drive frequency of the unit?
It would appear to be the drive frequency.  I was not aware of any fixed-frequency class-E coils other than my two ISM-frequency ones.  Must be dissipating significant power in gate drivers.

Are there schematics available for this board, or at least the output section?  That would further help.  Are the two FETs in parallel for higher drive current?  Most class-E coil schematics I've seen use single FETs.  Are there any primary resonant capacitors beyond FET drain-source capacitance?

The issue appears to be too-low a primary resonant frequency.  Gate drive is low for roughly 100ns of every 250ns period.  Drain (primary coil) waveform should return to zero within that 100ns due to resonance.  In your case, the FET(s) are turning on with high drain voltage (~250V).  That causes excess FET power dissipation, so is the likely cause of your FETs failing.  The messy gate waveform is due to this rapid fall in drain voltage.

Low primary frequency must be either high capacitance and/or high inductance.  For inductance, the first step should be twisting or taping together primary lead wires.  Space between primary leads adds non-useful inductance.  You may need to remove a turn or two of your primary winding too.  For capacitance, if there is an additional resonant capacitor, perhaps it's value is incorrect (too high).  Or, FETs might be wrong part number (or counterfeit) and have high drain capacitance.  You may even have better luck running with only one FET (presuming the two are in parallel) to reduce capacitance, if there is no additional resonant capacitor to remove or reduce.

Whatever changes you make, scope the drain waveform as you did here during as-short-as-possible run times to reduce frying chances.  See if you can get drain waveform to fall back to zero or almost-zero volts before gate turns back on.  Also make sure drain voltage doesn't get too high.  Raising frequency will also raise peak drain voltage.

One more thought:  Perhaps this board has the wrong crystal oscillator frequency.  If it is supposed to run at 2MHz or 2.5MHz rather than 4MHz, then your primary coil would be about correct as it is.
« Last Edit: July 02, 2022, 10:26:19 PM by davekni »
David Knierim

Offline FonziDaytona

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #4 on: July 03, 2022, 05:09:00 AM »
Hi everyone, thanks for the replies.

EVR is standing by “user error” despite me showing its playing audio. After calling their product “fickle” (definitely seems so) and letting them know that I’d look elsewhere for help, they stopped communication. I’ve asked them many times to explain what to check and why I could be playing audio but also wrecking MOSFETS. Oh well. 

Anyways, the MOSFETs came from digikey so should be legit.

I’ll try twisting the primary leads together to see if it improves the waveforms at all.

I have a schematic, but will have to see if EVR has anything in writing stating that it can be shared, or not. I suspect that I’m not their favorite customer right now.

4Mhz is correct. It comes straight from a crystal oscillator.

One MOSFET is used for audio modulation while the other does the switching.

I’ll look over the schematic to see if I can scan the power section.

Edit: Killed my last set of MOSFETs. Twisting the primary leads didn’t help. I’m so sick of this thing and EVR.

-Matt
« Last Edit: July 03, 2022, 05:40:22 AM by FonziDaytona »

Offline FonziDaytona

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #5 on: July 03, 2022, 05:54:58 AM »
Here’s a picture of the power section.


-Matt

Offline davekni

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #6 on: July 03, 2022, 07:25:03 AM »
Quote
One MOSFET is used for audio modulation while the other does the switching.
Oh, that makes sense.  Thank you.

Quote
Here’s a picture of the power section.
That helps.  Can you copy any more?  I see a bit of instructions for winding L101 (primary coil), but they are cut off.  Schematic suggests a tapped primary coil (upper connection not at top of winding).  Are there any instructions about trying fewer turns (tapping at perhaps 4 turns instead of all 5)?  Any instructions about stretching the primary coil vertically (like a stretched spring), which would reduce inductance?  Somehow either capacitance is high (C10 is more than 560pF) or inductance is high (L1 is more than it's nominal 7uH or your coil windings are higher than expected inductance).

If you decide to experiment any further, can you power just this final stage from an external lower-voltage supply?  Then only one FET fries if something goes wrong.  You could tune your coil at lower power with less risk of frying even the one FET.  FET drain capacitance will be a bit higher at low voltage, but you could at least get close that way.

BTW, I've purchased only one item from Eastern Voltage Research, a MIDI to interrupter board.  It was easy to build and worked, but had several issues.  Got completely confused with more than two notes simultaneously.  Even single notes were mis-tuned, off by as much as 2% in frequency.  I offered to fix their processor code if they shared it.  They said the code came from someone else and they didn't have source.  I designed and built my own converter after that.
« Last Edit: July 03, 2022, 07:29:48 AM by davekni »
David Knierim

Offline FonziDaytona

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #7 on: July 03, 2022, 07:43:22 AM »
Here is the specs for the primary.

Also, I checked c10. I was given a 500pF (501J marking) to install when the instructions say it should be 560pF. Could this be the culprit?

Edit: Looks like I have one MOSFET left. Any harm in just bypassing the modulation MOSFET and use the on board PSU fed by a variac to drive the single MOSFET? The power stage has its own 140VA 70v power transformer.



-Matt
« Last Edit: July 03, 2022, 08:05:31 AM by FonziDaytona »

Offline davekni

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #8 on: July 03, 2022, 08:26:27 PM »
Quote
Here is the specs for the primary.
Thank you.  Makes it clear that the windings should not be spread out.  Looks like your primary winding is per directions.  (I recommend keeping the leads twisted.  Twisting or otherwise pairing leads close together reduces inductance slightly.  Didn't expect that alone to be sufficient to fix the problem.)

Quote
Also, I checked c10. I was given a 500pF (501J marking) to install when the instructions say it should be 560pF. Could this be the culprit?
No.  Resonant frequency is too low, so only a higher-value capacitor would be a possible cause.

BTW, did the kit include thermal pads (electrically insulating and thermally conductive) to go between FETs and heat sinks?  After all the FET replacements, it might be good to replace pads too.  If they get contaminated or warped or whatever, thermal contact resistance may increase, contributing to FET overheating.  Pads will also have some effect on drain capacitance, but not likely a large factor compared to total capacitance.

Quote
Edit: Looks like I have one MOSFET left. Any harm in just bypassing the modulation MOSFET and use the on board PSU fed by a variac to drive the single MOSFET? The power stage has its own 140VA 70v power transformer.
Sounds like a great idea.  However, I cannot say anything confidently without access to complete schematics.

If you are interested in learning more as you experiment, I'd suggest putting the coil geometry into JavaTC.  That will predict (fairly accurately) inductances, coupling factor, and resonant frequencies.  Useful by itself or for defining parameters to use in a simulation (LTSpice or other).
David Knierim

Offline FonziDaytona

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #9 on: July 03, 2022, 08:58:12 PM »
Hi David, thanks for all of the help!

Here is the rest of the modulation section. The only concern I have is the MOSFET bias adjust section. If I remove the blown MOSFET and jumper Drain to Source, I should have everything bi-passed safely, no?

I guess this could help rule out the high side modulation as being the culprit, no?

Also yes, it did come with thermal pads. I have replaced them though.

-Matt


Offline davekni

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #10 on: July 03, 2022, 09:43:33 PM »
Quote
Hi David, thanks for all of the help!
You're welcome.  Hope it ends up with a functioning circuit.

Quote
Here is the rest of the modulation section. The only concern I have is the MOSFET bias adjust section. If I remove the blown MOSFET and jumper Drain to Source, I should have everything bi-passed safely, no?
I don't see any issues.  Bias circuit is fine without load.  Just make sure not to feed more than ~80% voltage in to Drain_Supply+.  When operating normally, the average output of this amplifier stage will be something around 60-80% of input depending on bias adjustment.  Run all initial tests at much lower voltage, perhaps 20%.

Quote
I guess this could help rule out the high side modulation as being the culprit, no?
Yes, it is possible (but unlikely) that this modulation FET is frying first, then frying the class-E FET due to excess average voltage.  The modulation FET is running in linear mode, not full on or full off.  Most modern FETs are designed for switching mode.  Even though data sheet lists SOA curves that indicate it should be fine here in linear mode, it may not have been characterized fully that way.  Hot-spot failures are common in linear mode - same issue as with BJTs.

Quote
Also yes, it did come with thermal pads. I have replaced them though.
Good.  I presume your replacements are of reasonable quality and performance.

Unless you have other high-frequency/voltage caps around to replace the 500pF one, I'd start experimenting by reducing primary coil to 4 turns and perhaps spreading the turns vertically, at least enough to match height of existing 5-turn coil.

Good luck!  Please keep us posted on progress.
David Knierim

Offline FonziDaytona

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #11 on: July 03, 2022, 10:13:43 PM »
Bypassed and powered up to 25% via the variac. Got some 1/2” arcs and took some scope shots. Yellow is the drain voltage and magenta is the gate voltage. Primary is still 5 turns and twisted together.

Should I try upping the voltage next, or adjusting the primary?

-Matt


Offline davekni

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #12 on: July 03, 2022, 10:54:19 PM »
Quote
Bypassed and powered up to 25% via the variac. Got some 1/2” arcs and took some scope shots. Yellow is the drain voltage and magenta is the gate voltage. Primary is still 5 turns and twisted together.

Should I try upping the voltage next, or adjusting the primary?
As expected, the primary is farther out-of-tune at low voltage because FET drain capacitance is higher.  FET turns on before drain voltage even reaches its peak. Should be after drain voltage returns to (at least almost) zero volts.  Don't increase input voltage until either inductance or capacitance is reduced.  Presumably inductance is easier to reduce, by fewer turns and somewhat by spreading out vertically the remaining turns.  Or by reducing diameter, but that risks arcing across secondary turns inside primary coil when coils are too close.
David Knierim

Offline FonziDaytona

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #13 on: July 03, 2022, 11:10:47 PM »
Reduced primary turns to 4 and changed things a bit.


Offline davekni

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #14 on: July 04, 2022, 12:43:56 AM »
Quote
Reduced primary turns to 4 and changed things a bit.
Not the response I would have expected.  Perhaps secondary resonance is affecting primary current more than I'd guessed.  Were you at the same input voltage?  Average drain voltage looks lower.  If Variac was set lower, drain capacitance is higher, which might explain observed waveforms at least somewhat.

In order to make useful suggestions, I'll need to make an LTSpice model, starting with JavaTC-estimated coil parameters.  If you have interest, I'd suggest starting down that path, at least with JavaTC.  It isn't difficult to use, though do pay attention to radius vs diameter parameters, and be sure to select inches or cm and use throughout.  I enjoy simulating and learning, so will likely get to this myself.  However, likely out 2+ weeks.  Family is coming tonight through next week.

Might be interesting to see waveforms with secondary removed, at this same low voltage.
David Knierim

Offline FonziDaytona

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #15 on: July 04, 2022, 01:03:12 AM »
It was at a lower voltage. Here is another run with the secondary removed and at the original voltage. Not much different. The higher the voltage the worse the gate-source signal looks. I’ll look into JavaTC.


Offline davekni

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #16 on: July 04, 2022, 01:45:45 AM »
Quote
It was at a lower voltage. Here is another run with the secondary removed and at the original voltage. Not much different. The higher the voltage the worse the gate-source signal looks. I’ll look into JavaTC.
Now looks more like I expected.  Notice that drain waveform is curving over towards flat before FET turns on now.  Previous 5-turn capture shows drain voltage still rising.  (I presume this capture is really 50V/div for drain, even though scope displays 5V/div.)

Gate (and drain) 40MHz ring is due to parasitic inductance of FET leads and ECB traces.  Will be much less once tuned so that drain voltage is low during FET turn-on.

Does your 4-turn coil have additional lead length (same wire as 5-turn coil)?  Is the entire lead length paired (twisted or taped tightly together)?  Are the 4 turns tightly spaced, or spread out a little to match height of 5-turn coil?  If it isn't hard, a picture or two of each setup when you post would make interpreting easier.

If you have enough wire around, you could make a separate 3-turn (spread to 5-turn height) coil with short leads.  That would make it easier to change back and forth.

What is below the sheet of plastic on which the coil sits?  Is there anything conductive within a couple inches (ie. metal table or wood table with screws or ...)?
David Knierim

Offline FonziDaytona

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #17 on: July 04, 2022, 02:05:25 AM »
Yup, I see the difference.

The other probe was set on the the x10 scale on the probe.

There’s a wooden table under the piece of plexiglass, probably some hardware in the vicinity.

The primary wire was shortened as part of the reduction to 4 turns. Here is a picture of it, wrapped in kapton tape.

I’m out of this particular wire (14 awg silver coated copper with PTFE). EVR was really anal about me using this and only this…Originally, when I had the most success, I was using 15awg magnet wire and high coupling. I’ll wind a three turn out of that other wire to see what happens.



-Matt

Offline davekni

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #18 on: July 04, 2022, 03:28:16 AM »
Quote
The primary wire was shortened as part of the reduction to 4 turns. Here is a picture of it, wrapped in kapton tape.
If I had to guess, 4 turns spaced significantly farther (perhaps one wire diameter or a bit more between turns) might be about right at higher voltage.  Still, 3-turn version will be helpful for low-voltage tests, to compensate for higher drain capacitance at low voltage.  Definitely space the three turns, at least to match the height of 5-turn coil.

Simulations will make this easier.  Should be able to roughly predict effect of drain voltage changes, so know what optimum inductance at operating voltage will look like at low voltage.  (What is the normal voltage at DRAIN_SUPPLY_+ input?)
David Knierim

Offline FonziDaytona

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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #19 on: July 04, 2022, 04:23:49 AM »
I spaced out the turns the best I could, PTFE is some slippery stuff! It’s more of a very loosely wound primary than evenly spaced. Here is a scope shot. I see that every other cycle, the amplitude is much lower?

Normal operating voltage is 85v when using audio. When tuning (adjusting the secondary top lead length) it’s supposed to be set to 100v.


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Re: Help with Class E plasma speaker Eastern Voltage Research
« Reply #19 on: July 04, 2022, 04:23:49 AM »

 


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August 09, 2022, 09:22:37 PM
post Re: High Voltage pcb
[Printed Circuit Board]
Mads Barnkob
August 09, 2022, 09:19:26 PM
post Re: High Voltage pcb
[Printed Circuit Board]
FonziDaytona
August 09, 2022, 08:32:08 PM
post Re: High Voltage pcb
[Printed Circuit Board]
Mads Barnkob
August 09, 2022, 08:26:32 PM
post Re: Coherent VersaPulse VPW - what should I do with it?
[Light, Lasers and Optics]
Mads Barnkob
August 09, 2022, 08:15:54 PM
post High Voltage pcb
[Printed Circuit Board]
FonziDaytona
August 09, 2022, 08:15:10 PM
post Top load material selection
[Spark Gap Tesla Coils (SGTC)]
55#sofcopper
August 09, 2022, 04:44:43 PM
post Re: HV AC Current Measurement
[Transformer (Iron Core)]
MRMILSTAR
August 09, 2022, 04:20:01 PM
post Loneoceans UD 2.7 rev c issue
[General Chat]
mthome4
August 09, 2022, 03:11:56 PM
post Re: A big-ish diy xformer
[Transformer (Ferrite Core)]
oneKone
August 09, 2022, 07:30:29 AM
post Re: BrOdin coil - High power Big sparks!
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
fh89
August 09, 2022, 07:06:52 AM
post Re: HV AC Current Measurement
[Transformer (Iron Core)]
klugesmith
August 09, 2022, 07:06:34 AM
post Re: HV AC Current Measurement
[Transformer (Iron Core)]
davekni
August 09, 2022, 06:28:49 AM
post Re: Coherent VersaPulse VPW - what should I do with it?
[Light, Lasers and Optics]
Twospoons
August 09, 2022, 06:18:56 AM
post Re: MidiStick V2.0: Next gen tesla coil interrupter
[Computers, Microcontrollers, Programmable Logic, Interfaces and Displays]
davekni
August 09, 2022, 06:08:53 AM
post Re: HV AC Current Measurement
[Transformer (Iron Core)]
klugesmith
August 09, 2022, 04:29:49 AM
post HV AC Current Measurement
[Transformer (Iron Core)]
alan sailer
August 09, 2022, 02:18:35 AM
post Re: Coherent VersaPulse VPW - what should I do with it?
[Light, Lasers and Optics]
TMaxElectronics
August 09, 2022, 12:42:21 AM
post Re: A big-ish diy xformer
[Transformer (Ferrite Core)]
abstruse1
August 09, 2022, 12:31:47 AM
post Re: How To Varnish A Tesla Coil Secondary Coil
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
Twospoons
August 09, 2022, 12:22:26 AM
post Re: Coherent VersaPulse VPW - what should I do with it?
[Light, Lasers and Optics]
Twospoons
August 09, 2022, 12:00:39 AM
post Coherent VersaPulse VPW - what should I do with it?
[Light, Lasers and Optics]
TMaxElectronics
August 08, 2022, 11:24:45 PM
post Re: Optic fiber interrupter in EU
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
TMaxElectronics
August 08, 2022, 10:07:08 PM
post Re: How To Varnish A Tesla Coil Secondary Coil
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
TMaxElectronics
August 08, 2022, 10:01:56 PM
post Re: Optic fiber interrupter in EU
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
Maju
August 08, 2022, 10:00:22 PM
post Re: Optic fiber interrupter in EU
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
Mads Barnkob
August 08, 2022, 09:52:09 PM
post Re: Helpy Trying to Replicate This Strange Slittle DRSSTC? PLS
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
Mads Barnkob
August 08, 2022, 09:51:09 PM
post Re: Where To Get "Free" TO-247 IGBTs and MOSFETs
[Electronic Circuits]
TMaxElectronics
August 08, 2022, 09:50:49 PM
post How To Varnish A Tesla Coil Secondary Coil
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
Mads Barnkob
August 08, 2022, 09:47:24 PM
post Re: Syntherrupter - Build by AstRii
[Computers, Microcontrollers, Programmable Logic, Interfaces and Displays]
TMaxElectronics
August 08, 2022, 09:44:04 PM
post Re: BrOdin coil - High power Big sparks!
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
Mads Barnkob
August 08, 2022, 09:43:38 PM
post Re: MidiStick V2.0: Next gen tesla coil interrupter
[Computers, Microcontrollers, Programmable Logic, Interfaces and Displays]
TMaxElectronics
August 08, 2022, 09:42:37 PM
post Re: Help for people buying the "12-48 Volt 1800/2500 Watt ZVS induction Heater"
[Electronic Circuits]
petespaco
August 08, 2022, 09:27:10 PM
post Optic fiber interrupter in EU
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
ItsChloeUwU
August 08, 2022, 08:09:38 PM
post Helpy Trying to Replicate This Strange Slittle DRSSTC? PLS
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
ItsChloeUwU
August 08, 2022, 04:10:00 PM
post Re: BrOdin coil - High power Big sparks!
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
fh89
August 08, 2022, 07:54:27 AM
post Re: SCR precharge
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
davekni
August 07, 2022, 07:28:51 PM
post Re: Bipolar CW -- update
[Voltage Multipliers]
abstruse1
August 07, 2022, 07:15:11 PM
post Re: BrOdin coil - High power Big sparks!
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
davekni
August 07, 2022, 06:46:44 PM
post Re: SCR precharge
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
alexhanyuan
August 07, 2022, 06:11:59 PM
post Re: BrOdin coil - High power Big sparks!
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
fh89
August 07, 2022, 08:25:56 AM
post Re: SCR precharge
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
davekni
August 07, 2022, 03:46:50 AM
post SCR precharge
[Dual Resonant Solid State Tesla coils (DRSSTC)]
alexhanyuan
August 06, 2022, 10:23:27 PM
post Re: MidiStick V2.0: Next gen tesla coil interrupter
[Computers, Microcontrollers, Programmable Logic, Interfaces and Displays]
davekni
August 06, 2022, 09:34:35 PM
post Re: Can someone help, am not getting any plasma :-) much appreciated
[Spark Gap Tesla Coils (SGTC)]
ItsChloeUwU
August 06, 2022, 07:49:05 PM
post Re: Primary Wire Getting Hot, Secondary flashovers, RSG Not Alway Fireing? Help pls.
[Spark Gap Tesla Coils (SGTC)]
ItsChloeUwU
August 06, 2022, 07:42:00 PM
post Re: MidiStick V2.0: Next gen tesla coil interrupter
[Computers, Microcontrollers, Programmable Logic, Interfaces and Displays]
AstRii
August 06, 2022, 07:05:35 PM
post Re: MidiStick V2.0: Next gen tesla coil interrupter
[Computers, Microcontrollers, Programmable Logic, Interfaces and Displays]
TMaxElectronics
August 06, 2022, 04:06:48 PM
post Re: CORE FOR GDT AND CT
[Solid State Tesla Coils (SSTC)]
Didik
August 05, 2022, 11:59:58 AM
post Re: CORE FOR GDT AND CT
[Solid State Tesla Coils (SSTC)]
Rafft
August 05, 2022, 09:56:26 AM
post Re: CORE FOR GDT AND CT
[Solid State Tesla Coils (SSTC)]
davekni
August 05, 2022, 06:25:39 AM

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